Pre-Spawn Smallmouth Bass Fishing

Pre-Spawn Smallmouth Bass Fishing

Winter has finally come to end. Ice has melted and the days are starting to warm up. A majority of the days are reaching high 50s and 60s . As the water temperatures begin to rise, Smallmouth bass start to get out of their winter slumps. Snapping out of their lethargic state of mind. This is when prespawn starts to take effect. Prespawn can be one of the most exciting times of the year to catch fish.  Even though there is no specific time period that pin points prespawn, it usually begins when the water temperature hits around 55-60 degrees. Prespawn is any time before Bass move to their beds, lay eggs, and start to spawn.

Prespawn Positioning

When water temperatures are at their coldest, bass tend to spend their time in the deepest areas of the lake, pond, or river. These spots give bass the best option to feed without using a lot of energy. So when the water temperature begins to rise, bass tend to work their way to shallower grounds. A majority of prespawn bass will be in the shallows. Smallmouth Bass will also hang around drop offs, points, rock ledges, or at the end of docks or piers. Smallmouth Bass move into the shallows and tend to be closer to land or structures. Sometimes they go into the really shallow areas and you can see their fins.

 Prespawn Feeding

Smallmouth become very active when the spring temperatures make their drastic changes. Always try and work different baits. A lot of Smallmouth fisherman finesse tubes, craws, and swimbaits (which definitely work) but do not leave out crankbaits. Lipless cranks, shallow diving crankbaits, and jerkbaits. Try a mix of different baits and see what brings success. As Smallmouth’s become more aggressive they will strike even on a fast retrieve.


Prespawn Strategies

With warm spring rain coming in, Smallmouth Bass shift to new shallower ground. Work new positions and keep it moving. As previously stated, Smallmouth’s become seamlessly and once you get the right lure/color around them they should strike. If you are working rivers, keep it moving. Hit as many spots as possible as the Smallmouth will continue to shift their grounds. They will continue to do this up until they make their nest and spawn. So a lot of the success in landing these fish relies on finding and getting the right bait in front of them.

When the water is below 55-60 degrees, keep trying different strategies to drag out the big Smallies. With working lakes and rock shelves, a lot of Smallmouth Bass will hit crankbaits, rattles, or jerkbaits while suspended or on the way down. If you are working shallows and rivers jigging tubes, craws, and swimbaits will always be your best bet.



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